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consequences of democracy

1-Responsible, Responsible and Lawful Governance

Democracy creates a government that is accountable to the people and pays attention to the expectations and demands of the citizens.

It often appears that undemocratic A democratic government is less efficient than a government. In any undemocratic government, there is no need to build consensus, so it does not take long to take important decisions. But in a democratic government, there is a need to build consensus, so there is a delay in taking important decisions. But we have to think whether the decision of the undemocratic government is acceptable to the people. Do such decisions really solve the problems of the people.

Democratic government is more transparent. public has it knowing It has the right to decide in what ways decisions were taken or how the government did any work. Therefore a democratic government is responsible to the people and takes care of the people.

consequences of democracy

A democratic government is elected by the people so such a government is legitimate. That is why today most of the countries of the world are running democratic governments.

2. Economic Growth and Development:

If we talk about economic prosperity, then there is dictatorship in it. Government Looking ahead in terms of democracy. Studying the data for fifty years from 1950 to 2000 shows that the economic prosperity has improved in the dictatorial regime. But there are many democratic countries which are counted among the economic powers of the world. Therefore it can be said that the form of government is not the only factor that determines the economic prosperity of a country. There are other factors as well, such as: population, global situation, cooperation with other countries, economic preferences, etc.

So we have to look at other positive aspects along with economic growth. From this point of view democracy is always better than dictatorship.

3-Inequality and poverty reduction

Economic inequality is increasing all over the world. A large part of India’s population is poor. There is a huge gap between the income of the poor and the rich. Democracy has failed to eliminate economic inequality in most countries.

consequences of democracy

4-Reconciliation in social diversities

Every country is full of social diversities. Therefore, it is natural to have conflicts between different classes. Democracy helps to develop such methods by which there can be a healthy competition among different sections of the society. In a democracy, people learn to respect diversity and find solutions to differences. Social diversity remains harmonious in most democratic countries. There may be some exceptions to this, such as: Sri Lanka.

5-Dignity and freedom of citizens

Democracy has provided dignity and freedom to the citizens. There are many social classes in India who have suffered persecution over the years. But as a result of the democratic process, people of these classes have also been able to rise above in the social system today and have got their rights.

6-Equality of women

It is only because of democracy that women have been able to fight for equal rights. Today women in most of the democratic countries have got equal status in the society. Even today women do not have equal rights in dictatorial countries.

7-Caste Inequality

Caste inequality is taking root in India. But due to democracy its number has come down considerably. Today, people belonging to backward castes and scheduled castes have also started joining every profession.

consequences of democracy

8-Important Question-

Question 1:How does a democracy constitute a responsible, responsible and legitimate government?

Answer: A democratic government is accountable to the people. If a government does not work according to the expectations of the people, then in the next election the people remove it. Therefore a democratic government has to be accountable to the people. Such a government is elected by a majority, so it is a legitimate government.

Question 2:In what situations does democracy handle and reconcile social diversity?

Answer: Conflicts cannot be completely eliminated because of diversity. But in a democracy it is possible to keep such conflicts to a minimum. In a democracy, the general opinion proceeds and in this way the aspirations of different groups of the society are respected. It shows the way democracy handles social diversities and reconciles them.

Question 3:Give arguments in favor or against the following statements:

Only industrialized countries can bear the burden of democratic system but poor countries need dictatorship for economic development.

8-Important Question-

Question 1:How does a democracy constitute a responsible, responsible and legitimate government?

Answer: A democratic government is accountable to the people. If a government does not work according to the expectations of the people, then in the next election the people remove it. Therefore a democratic government has to be accountable to the people. Such a government is elected by a majority, so it is a legitimate government.

Question 2:In what situations does democracy handle and reconcile social diversity?

Answer: Conflicts cannot be completely eliminated because of diversity. But in a democracy it is possible to keep such conflicts to a minimum. In a democracy, the general opinion proceeds and in this way the aspirations of different groups of the society are respected. It shows the way democracy handles social diversities and reconciles them.

Question 3:Give arguments in favor or against the following statements:

Only industrialized countries can bear the burden of democratic system but poor countries need dictatorship for economic development.

Answer: The example of many dictator countries shows that economic development takes place in such a system of governance, but there are some democratic countries where the economy is in good condition. Many poor countries have progressed in a democratic system; Yes, the rate of their growth is definitely slow. If we compare the advantages and disadvantages, then it can be said that adopting a dictator just because of the desire to become rich may not be the right option.

Governments of poor countries should spend more of their resources on reducing poverty and spending more on industries and basic economic infrastructure than on food, clothing, health and education.

Answer: To create more and more employment opportunities, it is necessary that more should be spent on industry and infrastructure but we cannot ignore the role of social security. Many people are so poor and depressed that they need help to improve their condition. First of all, poverty alleviation, health facilities and education should be provided for such people. There needs to be a proper balance between spending on industry and social security.

Economic equality between citizens exists in both rich and poor democracies.

Answer: It is a reality that no matter how there is any form of governance, but economic inequality cannot be removed. The past experience of countries like Russia and China with socialism shows that it is impossible to create a society where all people are economically equal. The same applies for democracy as well.

Everyone has the right to one vote in a democracy. This means that there is no domination and conflict in a democracy.

Answer: It is theoretically true that one person and one vote can end the conflict of dominance. But in the real world this does not happen because society is quite complex. It is the natural quality of a people or a group of people to dominate others. Therefore, in any society there is bound to be a conflict of dominance. But it is also true that in a democracy such conflicts can be reduced to a great extent.

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