1-what is constitution
an instrument or document that outlines the government and Chief determines the functions, it can be called the best basic law of the country. This is the same document, which gives powers to all the organs of the state (legislature, executive, judiciary). All these three have to discharge their duties by staying within the limits of the constitution. It cannot be changed easily.
- The word constitution in the English language is derived from the Latin word constitut, which means the principle to govern.
- The set of rules and principles according to which the country’s governance runs, those principles or rules are called constitution.
- Constitution is the set of these laws or rules, which directly and indirectly determine the distribution and exercise of the power of the supreme authority of the state.
- In the modern era, the first written constitution in the world is that of the United States of America, in 1787. philadelphia convention was created after.
- The first constitution in Europe was made in the Netherlands which is presently present.
2-definition of constitution
The Constitution is considered a fundamental document and the supreme law of the country.
It determines and determines the powers of the organs of the state.
it’s today’s parts Right By limiting them, it prevents them from being autocratic and dictatorial.
In fact, the constitution is a bundle of hopes and aspirations of the people of the country.
3-Constitution purpose of,
- To create the organs of government like – Legislature, Executive, Judiciary etc.
- To determine the powers of the organs of the government such as duties, responsibilities etc.
- To clarify the relationship between all the organs of the government.
4-Use of the Constitution,
The constitution was first created from Athens (Greece). In the modern era, America’s constitution was made which was in written form.
England It is called the cradle of parliamentary government and United States of america considers him to be the father of presidential government, and Switzerland It is called the mother of republican democracy.
To mention the fundamental rights and fundamental duties of citizens, directive principles etc.
5-Different committees of the Constituent Assembly
Committees The Constituent Assembly first formed 13 committees to make the constitution, these committees sent their reports till August 1947 and after that those reports were considered by the Constituent Assembly.
N. Madhav Rao, B. Ale. Appointed later in place of friend.
Drafting committee member Shri N. Gopalaswami Iyengar, Aladi Krishnaswamy Iyer, Mohammed Sadulla, K. M. Munshi, B. Ale. Mill and DP Khaitan.
Dr. B. R. Ambedkar was elected from Bengal for the member committee of the Constituent Assembly.
Mahatma Gandhi, Jai Prakash Narayan and Tej Bahadur Sapru are prominent among those who rejected the membership of the Constituent Assembly.
6-Unitary and Federal Characteristics of the Indian Constitution
The world’s longest and written constitution and in ordinary times its format is federal but in emergency it becomes unitary.
It provides equal citizenship to all citizens and declares secularism.
The constitution is sovereign and there is harmony in judicial supremacy.
Vastness and script compulsion and absolute sovereign democratic republic.
There is a provision for socialist and secular state and single citizenship.
Recording of fundamental duties and adult and public suffrage.
supremacy of the constitution.
Fundamental Rights, Independence of the Judiciary, Directive Principles of Policy and Federal System of Government.
Coordinating parliamentary and presidential systems and protecting the interests of minorities and backward castes.
Constitution based on supremacy and popular sovereignty of the constitution.
constitution making of a country
Read in Hindi: Constitution making-