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Democracy in the Contemporary World

Question 1. Which of the following did not help in the expansion of democracy?
(a) struggle of the people
(b) invasion by foreign rule
(c) end of colonialism
(d) People’s desire for freedom

Answer. (b) invasion by foreign forces

Democracy in the Contemporary World-

Question 2. Which of the following statements is correct about today’s world?
(a) Monarchy is that system of government which is now
has expired.
(b) Relations between different countries
More democratic than now.
(c) Today in more countries than in any other country
rulers elected by the people Would Is.
(d) Military dictatorship is no more in the world today.

Answer. (c) Today, in more countries than before any date, the rulers are elected by the people.

Question 3. Complete the sentence by choosing any one of the following phrases. Democracy in international institutions is needed so that:
(a) The words of rich countries should have more weight.
(b) The weight of the words of different countries should be in proportion to their military prowess.
(c) Countries should get respect in proportion to their population.
(d) There should be equal treatment with all the countries of the world.

Answer. (d) There should be equal treatment with all the countries of the world.

Democracy in the Contemporary World-

Question 4. Match these countries and their path to democracy:

Country to democracy
(a) Chile 1. From British Colonial Rule
Independence
(b) Nepal 2. End of Military Dictatorship
(c) Poland 3.End of a team seat
(d) Ghana 4. The king relinquished his authority
agreed to

Answer:

Country to democracy
(a) Chile 2. End of Military Dictatorship
(b) Nepal 4. The king relinquished his authority
agreed to
(c) Poland 3. End of one party rule
(d) Ghana 1. From British Colonial Rule
Independence

Question 5. What are the difficulties faced by the people of non-democratic countries? Give arguments in support of this statement on the basis of the examples given in this chapter.

Answer: (i) In non-democratic countries people do not get basic rights and freedoms.
(ii) People cannot choose or replace their rulers.
(iii) to allow people to express their views, political
organizations to create, oppose and
Freedom to take political action
Wouldn’t.
(iv) to make them trade unions and
No right to strike.

Democracy in the Contemporary World-

Question 6. What freedoms are generally taken away when the army overthrow the democratic rule?

Answer: When a democratic government is overthrown by the military, the following liberties of the people are often taken away
(i) The army can do whatever it wants to do and no one can ask or stop them.
(ii) The government oppresses those who opposed the first government in its overthrow.
(iii) Freedom of speech and expression of the people are taken away.
(iv) Freedom to form political organizations is taken away.
(v) Freedom to raise voice against the government is taken away.

Read in Hindi: Democracy in the Contemporary World
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