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Difference between pressure group and political party?

Meaning of pressure group

of pressure group Meaning In simple words, a pressure group is an organized group of people who influence the decision-making of the government to serve the interests of its members. Although some scholars also use interest group for pressure group, but no interest group can be called pressure without influencing the political process. It is only when the interest group gains the power of effectiveness that it takes the form of a pressure group. This efficacy helps in achieving the interests of the group.

definition of pressure group

Pressure group group has been defined by many scholars as follows:-

1. According to Henry A. Turner-Pressure groups are non-political organizations that attempt to influence public policy.

2. According to MacIver-A pressure group is a collection of organized or unorganized individuals who use pressure tactics.

3.According to Odigard, “A pressure group is a formal organization of people who have one or more common objectives and interests and attempt to influence events, especially in the making of public policy and governance, in order to protect and enhance their interests.” could.”

meaning of political party

political parties that organized It is the form, whose members work together as a political unit for the attainment of political objectives. Just as parties are organized for the attainment of social or economic objectives, similarly a person can also achieve his political objectives through organization. When the objective of an organization is political then it is called a political party.

definition of political party

1. According to Edmund Burke “Political party is that organization of human beings who agree on a single principle, by which national interest can be accomplished.”

2. According to Gatil A political party is a more or less organized group of citizens who act as a political unit and by the exercise of their political powers, try to seize governance and give effect to their policies.

3. According to Gilchrist, “Political parties are organized citizens called that community which believe in the same political principle and work as a political unit and try to assert their authority over the government.

Difference between pressure group and political party

  1. The scope of political parties is very wide. These extend to the national level, whereas the scope of work of pressure groups is limited because they are related to the problems of a particular area. But some pressure groups are also national and international in nature.
  2. Policy decisions are taken by political parties, whereas flexible decisions are taken by pressure groups, these keep on changing with time and circumstances.
  3. Political parties always use constitutional means to achieve their objectives, whereas pressure groups can use both constitutional and non-constitutional means.
  4. The number of members of political parties is in lakhs, group is a small organization in terms of size.
  5. Membership of political parties is singular as a person can be a member of only one political party at a time, whereas membership of pressure group can also be plural because depending on interests or profession a person may be a member of more than one political party at the same time. Become a member of a pressure group.

1. Give the meaning of pressure group.

Answer-Meaning of pressure group In simple words, pressure group is said to be an organized group of people who influence the decision-making of the government to serve the interests of its members. Although some scholars also use interest group for pressure group, but no interest group can be called pressure without influencing the political process. It is only when the interest group gains the power of effectiveness that it takes the form of a pressure group. This efficacy helps in achieving the interests of the group.

2. Give the meaning of political party.

Answer-A political party is an organized form of individuals whose members work together as a political unit to achieve political objectives. Just as parties are organized for the attainment of social or economic objectives, similarly a person can also achieve his political objectives through organization. When the objective of an organization is political then it is called a political party.

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