difference between rabi and kharif crops
- Ravi crops are sown in November-December and harvested in March-April.
- Wheat, gram, gram, peas, oilseeds, etc. are the main Rabi crops. Pulses of moong and urad are the main crops of this season.
- In the Ravi crop, due to the effect of western cyclones in Northwest India, some rainfall occurs which is very beneficial for the wheat crop.
- Ravi crops depend on the moisture of the subsoil and are produced with the help of irrigation.
- In Ravi’s crops, food crops have predominance.
- Kharif crops are sown in June-July and harvested in December-October.
- Rice, jowar bajra, maize, groundnut, jute and cotton are the major Kharif crops. Pulses are also produced in this season. Arhar is a long duration pulse crop.
- The Kharif crop is completely dependent on rainfall. Rainfall occurs in this season by the Arabian Sea branch of the Southwest Monsoon and the Bay of Bengal Monsoon.
- If there is not enough rainfall in the rainy season, then it goes to these crops with the help of irrigation.
- Cash or commercial crops remain in focus in Kharif crops.
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Read in Hindi: Differentiate between Kharif and Rabi crops.