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Essay on Devbhoomi Uttarakhand Tourism in Hindi

Preface –

The abode of Mahadev, the God of Gods – The state of Uttarakhand, situated in the sub-state of the Himalayas, has been blessed with the supernatural beauty of nature. While Himalaya is said to be the father of Goddess Parvati, it is also famous as the most beautiful land of the gods. That is why it is also called Dev Bhoomi. The land of Uttarakhand state situated in the lap of Himalayas is very sacred. Four famous dhams are located here, so the origin of Goddess Ganga is also located here. That’s why this state holds an important place in all the states of India in the field of its purity and natural beauty. The valley of flowers here is famous all over the world for its beauty, that’s why it has been kept in the list of world heritage. Blessed is Devbhoomi Uttarakhand. And blessed are the residents here.

tourist attraction center

Devbhoomi is the attraction of the beauty of Uttarakhand, which attracts tourists from all over the world. The snow-capped mountain ranges, lush green forests, rare wildlife living in the forests and sacred series of pilgrimage places draw nature-lovers of every country and caste to this place.

Essay on Devbhoomi Uttarakhand (uttarakhand tourism par nibandh)

Geographical Location of Uttarakhand

The state of Uttarakhand shares its border with China (Tibet) and Nepal. Himachal Pradesh is situated in the north-west of this northern state and Uttar Pradesh in the south.

The total geographical area of ​​Uttarakhand is 53,483 km between the latitudes of 28°43′ North to 31°27’N latitude and 77°34′ East longitude to 81°02′ East longitude, of which 43,035 sq.km is mountainous and 7,448 sq.km. km is plain. Its 34,661 sq km area is forested. Most of the northern part of the state is part of the Greater Himalayan range, which is covered with high snow-capped peaks and glaciers, its lower foothills are covered with dense forests, which were exploited by British timber traders before independence and forest contractors after independence. .

Recent afforestation efforts have resulted in substantial success in reforestation. The unique ecosystem of the Himalayas is home to a large number of animals (such as bhadal, snow leopard, leopard and tiger), plants and rare herbs. The two most important rivers of India, the Ganges and the Yamuna, originate in this state, and while reaching the plains, they receive water from the melted snow of many ponds, lakes, glaciers on the way. The Valley of Flowers National Park located here is recognized by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site.

Uttarakhand is situated on the southern slope of the Himalayan range. Here there is a lot of change in the weather and vegetation along with the altitude. If glaciers are located at the highest altitude here, then there is sub-tropical forest at the lower places. The highest places in the state are bare peaks covered with snow and stones. Below them there is a place covered with grass and shrubs from 6,000 to 3,000 meters. Temperate coniferous forests, West Himalayan sub-alpine coniferous forests, growing somewhat below the treeline, are temperate West Himalayan broadleaf forests at altitudes of 3,000 to 2,600 m.

Below are the Himalayan subtropical pine forests. There are moist deciduous forests in the Gangetic plains. Savannah and grasslands cover the lowland adjoining Uttar Pradesh. It is known as Bhavar in local areas. Most of the lowland land has been cleared for cultivation.

Major tourist places of Uttarakhand

1) Main National Park

Many national parks of India are in this state, such as Jim Corbett National Park (India’s oldest national park) in Ramnagar, Nainital district, Valley of Flowers National Park and Nanda Devi National Park, Chamoli district, both of which are UNESCO World Heritage. Along with the place, there are also major tourist places here.

2) Char Dham of Uttarakhand-

According to Indian scriptures, Yamunotri, Gangotri, Kedarnath and Badrinath are the main centers of tourism due to being the holiest places of Hindus, they are also known as Char Dham. It has been said in the scriptures that those virtuous souls who are successful in seeing here, not only their sins of this birth are washed away, but they also become free from the bondage of life and death. It is also said in relation to this place. That this is the same place, where earth and heaven are united, the pilgrims first visit Yamunotri (Yamuna) and Gangotri (Ganga) during this journey. the route is like this

Haridwar – Rishikesh – Devprayag – Tehri – Dharasu – Yamunotri – Uttarkashi – Gangotri – Triyuganarayan – Gaurikund – Kedarnath

This route is similar to the sacred circumambulation in traditional Hindu religion, while the other route to Kedarnath is via Rishikesh. Devprayag, Srinagar, Rudraprayag, Augustmuni, Guptkashi and Gaurikund passes through. Ho near Kedarnath is the place of origin of Mandakini. The Mandakini river joins the Alaknanda river at Rudraprayag.

Facilities provided to tourists

To promote tourism, the Uttarakhand government has paid special attention to the facilities provided to the tourists here. For this, good and wide roads have been constructed to reach all the tourist places. Traffic has been made smooth by giving the status of National Highway and State Haridwar Tehri Gharasu Highway to many roads. Good arrangements have been made for the stay and food and drink of the tourists on the Char Dham Marg. Special arrangements have been made here to deal with emergencies. Many tourist places are connected by air routes. In Kedarnath, this year a laser show has also been arranged for the pilgrims, in which many stories related to Lord Shiva are realized on the walls of the temple.

language of uttarakhand

Generally three main languages ​​are spoken in the state of Uttarakhand – Garhwali, Kumaoni and Jaunsari , According to the Indian Language Public Survey, a total of thirteen languages ​​are spoken in the state of Uttarakhand. George Grierson, who was the first to survey the languages ​​of Uttarakhand, also gave information about most of these languages.

Grierson conducted this survey from 1908 to 1927 AD. After this many studies were done regarding the languages ​​of Uttarakhand. Recently an organization named ‘Pankhuri’ also worked on these languages. All this work was focused on 13 languages ​​only. These include Garhwali, Kumaoni, Jaunsari, Jaunpuri, Johari, Rawalti, Bangari, Marchha, Raji, Jad, Rang Lvu, Buksani and Tharu. There can be a difference of opinion whether these are languages ​​or dialects.

If one considers that a dialect has its own vocabularies, it expresses itself in a different way, then it should not hesitate to call it a language. Many scholars believe that the languages ​​of Uttarakhand do not have their own script, so we can say that even the most famous English in the world does not have its own script, it is written in Roman script, so can it be denied as a language on this basis? can? The script of Marathi is Devanagari and has been considered as a language, so there is no objection in accepting the languages ​​of Uttarakhand as a language.

A substantial amount of literature has been composed in these languages ​​of Uttarakhand. Through the propagation of these languages, the civilization and culture of Uttarakhand can be known more closely. As much as the folk-culture of Uttarakhand is the carrier of Indianness, the holy land and natural wealth here are even more memorable and salubrious. We all together should try our best to preserve and promote these languages.

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