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Faraday’s law of electrolysis

Hello friends, in today’s article we will tell you about electrolysis. Faraday’s law ,Faraday’s law) So if you want to know, then definitely read this article completely, keep giving you similar information, so let’s start friends.

Faraday electrolysis (Faraday’s electrolysisProposed two rules related to

First Law

In the process of electrolysis, an electrode is liberated. (Liberated) or frozen on it ( Deposited ) the total amount of the substance, Electricity in decomposition proportional to the total amount of charge flowing) It happens. m∝q

Thus if i ampere Electric current If the amount of matter liberated in L second from the voltmeter is m kg, then charge q = ixt From equation ( i ) m it, m = zxixt

In this, the constant z is called the electro-chemical equivalent or ECE’ of the liberated substance. Its value is different for different elements. If i = 1 ampere, t = 1 second, then z = m

serial number Substance Sign ECEmg/C atomic mass connectivity chemical equivalent specific cube
1 copper Cu 0.3294
0.6588
63.57
63.57
2
1
31.78
63.57
8.92
8.92
2 aluminum AI 0.0932 26.97 3 8.99 2.7
3 cadmium cd 0.5824 112.4 2 56.205 8.64
4 Chromium Cr 0.089 52.01 6 8.67 7.1
5 cobalt Co 0.3054 58.94 2 29.47 8.9
6 Sleep Au 0.6812 197.2 3 65.73 19.3
7 lead Pb 1.074 207.2 2 103.6 11.3
8 Iron Fe 0.289 55.84 2 27.92 7.1
9 Mercury hg 1.039 200.61 2 100.30 13.55
10 Nickel Ni 0.3041 58.69 2 29.35 8.9
11 Platinum Pt 0.505 195.2 4 48.8 1.78
12 selenium Se 0.204 78.9 4 19.72 4.81
13 silver Ag 1.1179 107.88 1 1.07.88 10.5
14 tin sn 0.3075 118.7 4 29.7 7.3
15 zinc Zn 0.338 , , , ,
16 hydrogen H2 0.0104 1.008 1 1.008 ,
electrochemical equivalent of a substance

Second Law

If the same electric current is passed through different electrolytes for the same amount of time, the amounts of free substances are proportional to their chemical equivalents. Let the mass m of the elements liberated when the same electric current is passed through two electrolytes for the same time1 and m2are , if the chemical equivalents of these elements are z respectively.1and z2if so according to this rule

m1 / m2 = z1 /z2

What is electrolysis used for?

Electrolysis is used to extract metals from their ores. For example, when an electric current is passed through molten sodium chloride, sodium accumulates at the cathode and chlorine gas is released at the anode. They are also extracted on aluminum and potassium by electrolysis.

What is electrolysis of metal?

In the process of electrolysis, solid or molten metal will appear when a positively charged metal ion gains electrons in such a way that it has a neutral charge. Positive metal ions are present in the electrolysis solution.

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