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Integration of Italy

The history of the unification of Italy can be divided into the following stages.

1. First step-

According to the decisions of the Congress of Vienna, Italy had become a mere geographical unit of Europe. The people of the small states of Italy, full of national sentiments, were desirous of their unity and independence, but the autocratic rulers of the power states had to give up their power. were not ready

Therefore, the movement of national integration of Italian patriots started. The members of the Carbonari Society made many efforts in this direction, but they could not get success till 1848 AD. Matsini tried his best to make the Naples and Sicily rebellions successful, but he could not succeed in his goal.

2. Third Stage-

In this stage, Garibaldi and Kabul made tireless efforts and made possible the unification of Italy. Kavoor was a great patriot. Grant wrote about his works in Tempe Reilly. One of his first tasks was also to destroy the missionaries. The meaning in which the word borrowed was used at that time.

In that sense he was a liberal and his liberal nature was natural. But in the unification of Italy, he focused most of all on himself. The difference of policy from others was in the direction that he truly believed and had a real knowledge of the practical difficulties in governance.

Kavur gained the sympathy of France and England by participating in the Crimean war and Napoleon III on 20 July 1858 AD with Plumbears Agreement have done. In accordance with this Agreement-

  1. All the races of Italy would be united and unified.
  2. The rights to the pop of Rome will be reserved.
  3. France will provide military aid to Sardinia to get Australia out of Lambadi and Venetia.
  4. In return, Sardinia would give France the territories of lowlands and services.

According to this agreement, Kavur started a war against Australia, but in the middle of the war, Napoleon III made the Treaty of Villafranca with Australia. Forced Victor Emmanuel also had to make the Treaty of Zurich with Australia.

3. Third Stage-

Matsini and Garibaldi did important work for the unification of Italy in the hierarchy. Taking advantage of the rebellion of Sicily, Garibaldi walked and captured Naples and planned to attack Rome and Venetia. At the same time, Cavour took control of the new pope’s kings, Ambria and Mar Change, and made Napoleon on his side. Later, Garibaldi gave Naples and Sicily to the king of Sardinia for the unification of Italy. At the same time Raja Varma Modi of the Central Fort and Tuscany also joined Sardinia Hai.

4. Fourth Stage-

Now only Venetia and Rome were left to meet in Italy. In 18 so 66 AD, war started between Australia and Prussia, taking advantage of which Victor annexed Venesia to his empire. In the end, Victor Emmanuel took control of the room by attacking it. Thus the national integration of Italy was completed on the 20th of September 1870.

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