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Making of Indian Constitution.

What is constitution?

Such an article, paper or document that determines the outline and main functions of the government, it can be called the best basic law of the country. This is the same document, which gives powers to all the organs of the state (legislature, executive, judiciary). All these three have to discharge their duties by staying within the limits of the constitution. It cannot be changed easily.

making of indian constitution

Why do we need a constitution?

  1. For a democratic system of governance, it is necessary to have a constitution.
  2. The constitution is the source of power and authority of the government.
  3. The constitution stipulates the interrelationship between the organs of government.
  4. The relationship between the government and the citizen is determined by the constitution.

Organization of the Constituent Assembly

In the plan of the Cabinet Mission in 1946 AD, the British considered that Indians should be given the freedom to make the Indian Constitution, because they can make the constitution according to the circumstances of their country.

Therefore, soon indirect elections were held for the purpose of forming the Constituent Assembly. A total of 389 members of the Constituent Assembly were elected on the basis of elections, out of which 296 members were to represent the provinces and 93 members were to represent the Indian princely states. Later on the separation of Pakistan, 389 members were entrusted with the task of making the constitution.

How was the Constituent Assembly formed?

When India became independent on August 15, 1947 AD, there was a problem of making the constitution before India. for this purpose Dr Rajendra Prasad headed by a Constituent Assembly was formed, the meeting of which started on 9 December 1996. In the making of the Indian Constitution Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar made a special contribution.

He was the Chairman of the Drafting Committee. On 26 November 1950 AD, the work of the constitution was completed and after the signature of Dr. Rajendra Prasad, on 26 January 1950 AD, it was implemented in the whole country. The establishment of a fully sovereign democratic republic in the country is an important feature of our constitution.

Why is the importance of the constitution relatively more in democratic countries?

  1. The government of a democratic country is formed only under the provisions of the constitution. The elected government governs the system according to the constitution.
  2. Many types of rights and free income are provided to the citizens in democratic countries.
  3. Constitution is needed to limit and control the powers and officials of democratic governments.
  4. The jurisdictions of the various organs of democratic governments are described in the constitution.

1. What is the Constitution?

Such an article, paper or document that determines the outline and main functions of the government, it can be called the best basic law of the country. This is the same document, which gives powers to all the organs of the state (legislature, executive, judiciary). All these three have to discharge their duties by staying within the limits of the constitution. It cannot be changed easily.

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Read in Hindi: Making of Indian Constitution.
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