1. Home
  2. /
  3. Basic study
  4. /
  5. Meaning of Public Administration, Nature, Significance.

Meaning of Public Administration, Nature, Significance.

Meaning and scope of public administration

Public administration is that special part of administration which is concerned with the activities of the government. Unlike personal administration, it is the management of government affairs. When administration is concerned with the state, government or other small political institutions, then it is addressed by the name of public administration.

The purpose of public administration is determined by the government. Public policies have to be implemented. The ever-increasing work area of ​​the state has increased the importance of public administration. The success of the state depends on the efficiency and capacity of the public administration. Whatever be the form of government, the importance of public administration is not diminished.

In the absence of efficient administration, the government becomes a mere club of debates. It is because of this importance that it is called the ‘heart of modern civilization’. In a democracy, its importance is even greater.

Meaning of public administration

The word administration is derived from the Sanskrit language. The prefix ‘Pra’ is derived from the root ‘Shas’. ‘Pra’ means to rule naturally or excellently. In the present time, the meaning of governance is mainly understood from the government, but its real meaning is to give directions, to guide, to order or to give orders. Administration was used in this sense in the Vedic age.

Scope of Public Administration-

The scope of any subject means that which facts and problems are studied under such a subject. The field of public administration also means that which facts and problems are studied under it.

Not all scholars are unanimous regarding the field of public administration. According to F. Merson, all those subjects come under public administration which are related to public policy. According to Willoughby, the field of public administration is related to the following elements:

,1) General Administration, (2) Organization, (3) Staff, (4) Materials, and (5) Finance. From a practical point of view also civil sources of governance in public administration can be used to achieve political goals.

Due to the increase in the field of public administration, now it is not only related to the regular work of the government but it is also an effective instrument of social justice and social change. We can describe the field of public administration in the following ways.

Study of executive functioning

Public administration is an important medium of administration to study the functional elements of the executive. Public administration is concerned with all those activities of the executive by which it tries to achieve the definite goals of the state. This is the narrow form of public administration. The real responsibility of administration rests with the executive, whether it is at the national, state or local level.

Study of General Administration –

Goal setting, administrative and administration related policies, direction of general work, place and control etc. are included in the field of public administration.

Study of organizational problems

In public administration, we study administrative organization. The departmental organization of government is studied under this. Various sources of civil services, its organizations and regional organizations are extensively studied in the field of public administration.

Question and Answer (FAQ)

What is the meaning of public administration?

The word administration is derived from the Sanskrit language. The prefix ‘Pra’ is derived from the root ‘Shas’. ‘Pra’ means to rule naturally or excellently. In the present time, the meaning of governance is mainly understood from the government, but its real meaning is to give directions, to guide, to order or to give orders.

Who is the father of public administration?

read more – Role of political parties in democracy

Read in Hindi: Meaning of Public Administration, Nature, Significance.
in Hindi

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.