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Mention three major flow systems of the Himalayas.

The flow system is actually the result of the major land relief development process of the country. On this basis the three river systems of the Himalayan Mountains are as follows.

1-Indus river system

2-Ganga river system

3-Brahmaputra river system

1-Indus river system-

The Indus River has its origin in Tibet near Lake Mansarovar. Flowing westwards, this river enters India through the Ladakh district of Jammu and Kashmir. In this part it forms a very beautiful scenic gorge. In this region, many tributaries like Jaskar, Nubra, Shyok and Hunza join this river.

The Indus river flows through Balochistan and Gilgit and emerges out of the mountainous region at Attock. The Sutlej, Beas, Ravi, Chenab and Jhelum join together in the Indus river near Mithankot in Pakistan. After this this river flows towards the south and finally it joins the Arabian Sea towards the east from Karachi.

The slope of the Indus river plain is very slow. A little more than a third of the Indus basin is located in Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal and Punjab of India and the rest in Pakistan. 2,900 km The Long Indus River is one of the longest rivers in the world.

2-Ganga river system

It is located from Gangotri near Gaumukh Glacier (3,900 m). Uttarkashi of Uttarakhand originates from the district. over here Bhagirathi Known as. It cuts through narrow valleys in the middle of the Lesser Himalayas.

Devprayag In Bhagirathi, Alaknanda and then after that it is known as Ganga. Source of Alaknanda above Badrinath Satopanth Glacier is in. Alaknanda, Dhauli Ganga and Vishnu Gangathat Joshimath or Vishnu Prayag See you in

alaknanda other tributaries like Pindar, karnprayag joins while Mandakini or Kali Ganga, Rudra Prayag joins in. The Ganges enters the plain from Haridwar.

3-Brahmaputra river system

The Brahmaputra is one of the largest river basins in the world. Mansarovar Lake Near Kailash mountain range Of Chameungdung Glacier From here it flows east for a distance of about 1,200 km in the dry and flat region of southern Tibet.

where it Sangpo (meaning ‘purifier’)Known as. River Rango Sangpo in Tibet is its main right bank tributary. It emerges as a turbulent and dynamic river after forming a deep gorge in the central Himalayas near Namcha Barwa (7755 m).

This river emerges from the foothills under the name of Siang or Dihang. It flows southwest into India and enters Arunachal Pradesh west of the town of Sadiya. its main left bank tributaries Dibang or Sikang and Lohit Hereafter it is known as Brahmaputra.

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