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parts of sentence-

1-Sentence Definition

  • one of the words Meaningful The group itself is called a sentence.
  • Meaningful means having meaning. That is, a group of words from which a meaning is derived, it is called a sentence. like:

2-Sentence Classification

  1. on the basis of composition
  2. on the basis of meaning

Sentences on the basis of composition

On the basis of composition, there are three types of sentences:

  1. Simple sentence
  2. compound sentence
  3. compound sentence
parts of sentence-

1. Simple sentences

Sentences in which there is only one verb and only one subject or in which there is only one object and only one predicate, those sentences are called simple sentences.


  • Rohan plays.
  • Mita runs.
  • The sky keeps on running.
  • Shyam studies.
  • Sita eats food.
  • The music moves on.

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2. compound sentence

A sentence in which there are two or more clauses and all the clauses are prime, such a sentence is called a compound sentence.

Example :

  • He went in the morning and returned in the evening.
  • The day passed and it started getting dark.
  • Speak dear but not untrue.
  • I worked hard so I got successful.
  • I ran very fast yet could not catch the train.

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Sentences on the basis of meaning

The sentence also has eight depending on the meaning:

  1. legislative sentence
  2. imperative sentence
  3. imperative sentence
  4. negative sentence
  5. Interrogative sentence
  6. exclamatory sentence
  7. indicative sentence
  8. question sentence

1. Constituent Sentence :

  • Sentences from which there is a sense of the existence or existence of something, that sentence is called a disjunctive sentence.
  • Legislative sentences are also called legal sentences.


India is our country.

Ram ate the food.

Ram’s father’s name is Dasharatha.

Radha went to school.

Manish drank the water.

The name of the king of Ayodhya is Dasharatha.

parts of sentence-


Sentences in which the information about the action or the happening of the action is given, they are called Legislative Sentences; Like I drank milk. it is raining.


Sentences which express the feeling of not doing work are called negative sentences; For example, I did not drink milk. I didn’t eat.


Sentences in which there is knowledge of command, prayer, instruction, etc., are called imperative sentences; For example, go to the market and bring fruits. Respect elders.


Sentences from which the knowledge of asking any kind of question is called interrogative sentence; Like- Sita where are you coming from? what R u studying?


Sentences from which there is knowledge of wish, blessings and good luck etc., they are called wishful sentences; For example, good luck to you. May God give you long life.


Sentences which express doubt or possibility are called doubtful sentences; For example, it may rain in the evening. He may be coming, but what do we know? Maybe Rajesh will come.


Sentences that express feelings of surprise, disgust, anger, grief, etc., are called exclamatory sentences; Like – what a beautiful view. Both his parents passed away. Well done you did a great job.

8- indicative

Sentences in which the existence of one is dependent on the other verb. They are called indicative sentences; For example, if you work hard, you will definitely be successful. It would have been nice if Dad had come now. If it rains, there will be crops too.

parts of sentence-

Sentences on the basis of composition

On the basis of the structure, there are following three types of sentences:

simple sentence

Sentences which have only one object and one predicate are called simple sentences or simple sentences, these sentences contain only one verb; Like- Mukesh reads. Rakesh had dinner. In this, the subject can be accompanied by its expansive adjective and the verb with the expander can come with actions and adverbs. Like a good child drinks sweet milk well. This is also a simple sentence.

compound sentence

When two or more simple sentences are joined by common adjectives such as – (but, but, and, or etc.), they are called compound sentences. These are of four types.

  1. Connective – When a simple sentence is connected to another simple or compound sentence by a conjunction clause. As Gita went and Sita came.
  2. Separator – When there is a relationship of difference or opposition between simple or compound sentences. For example, he works hard but does not get the results.
  3. Optional – When one of the two things has to be accepted. For example, either I will overtake him in the arena or I will stop landing in the arena.
  4. Subjunctive – When one simple sentence is the result of another simple or compound sentence. Like- I have a lot of work today, so I will not be able to come to you.

compound sentence

Sentences which have a main or main sentence and other dependent clauses are called compound sentences. They have more than one ending verb apart from a main object and main predicate, as soon as he drank the medicine, he fell asleep. If you work hard, you will pass. I know your letters are not good.


  1. These sentences consist of a main or principal clause and one or more dependent clauses which are joined by a conjunction clause.
  2. Dependent sentences come only to confirm, support, clarify or expand the main clause.

There are three types of dependent sentences-

  1. noun clause.
  2. adjective clause.
  3. Adverb clause.

1. Noun clause – When the dependent clause comes in place of a noun or pronoun, then it is called a noun clause. Like- He wants me to never come here. Here that I will never come is a noun clause.

2. Adjective clause- The dependent clause which describes the specialty of the noun word or pronoun word of the main clause is called adjective clause. For example, the watch which is placed on the table has been given to me as a reward. Here the clock which is placed on the table is an adjective clause.

3. Adverb clause – When the dependent clause describes the action of the main clause, then it is called an adverbial clause. Like- I was sleeping when he came to me. over here when he came to me this is the adverb clause

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