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People’s Struggle and Movement

1-mobilization and organization

Political Parties: when an organization political If it directly participates in the process, it is called a political party. Political parties contest elections for the purpose of forming the government.

pressure group: When an organization participates indirectly in the political process, it is called a pressure group. Forming a government is never the goal of a pressure group.

People’s Struggle and Movement

2-Pressure Groups and Movement:

When similar professions, interests, ambition Or when people with votes come on a platform to achieve a common goal, then pressure groups are formed.

Such groups make movements to achieve their goals. Not every pressure group is necessarily a mass movement. There are also many pressure groups that work only within their own small group.

Examples of mass movement: Narmada Bachao Andolan, Right to Information Movement, Movement for Prohibition of Alcohol, Women’s Movement, Environmental Movement.

3-class interest groups and general interest groups

Category Special Interest Groups: when someone Pressure If a group works for the interests of a particular class or group, then it is called a group of a particular class. Examples: Trade unions, business associations, associations of professionals (lawyers, doctors, teachers, etc.).

Such a group refers to a particular class. Like teachers union only talks about the interests of teachers. The main objective of such a group is to protect and promote the interests of its members.

Public Interest Groups: When a pressure group works to protect the interests of the general public, it is called a public interest group. The purpose of such a group is to protect the interests of the whole society. Example: Trade Union, Student Union, Ex-Armymen’s Association, etc.

People’s Struggle and Movement

4-Pressure Groups and Movement:

Pressure groups are created when people with similar professions, interests, ambitions or opinions come together on a common platform to achieve a common goal.

Such groups make movements for the attainment of their objective. It is not necessary that every pressure group should be a mass movement. Many pressure groups operate only within their own small group.

Some examples of mass movements are: Narmada Bachao Andolan, Right to Information Movement, Movement for Prohibition of Liquor, Women’s Movement, Environment Movement.

5-class interest groups and general interest groups

Category Special Interest Groups: The pressure groups that work for the interests of a particular class or group are called groups of a particular class. Examples: Trade unions, business associations, associations of professionals (lawyers, doctors, teachers, etc.). Such groups refer to a particular class;

Such as laborers, teachers, workers, businessmen, industrialists, followers of any religion, etc. The main objective of such groups is to promote the interests of their members and to protect their interests.

Public Interest Groups: The pressure groups which protect the interests of the common man are called interest groups of the common man. The purpose of such pressure group is to protect the interests of the whole society. Example: Trade Union, Student Union, Ex-Armymen’s Association, etc.

6-Influence of Pressure Groups and Movements on Politics:

Public Support: Pressure groups and their movements try to garner public support for their goals and activities. For this they follow different paths,

Such as awareness campaign, public meeting, petition, etc. Many pressure groups also try to influence the media to grab public attention.

performance: Performing is a common method of any pressure group. There are also strikes during the demonstration so that the work of the government can be obstructed. Through strikes and bandhs, pressure is created on the government so that the government listens to any demand.

To lobby: Some pressure groups also lobby in government machinery. For this, the services of professional lobbyists are often taken. Sometimes advertisements are also run. Some of these groups also participate in official bodies and committees to advise the government. Examples of such groups are ASSOCHAM and NASSCOM.

People’s Struggle and Movement

7-Evaluation of the effect of pressure group-

Many people argue against pressure groups. Many people believe that pressure groups represent a small section of the society, so care should be taken while listening to such groups.

These people believe that democracy does not work for the narrow interests of a small section but works for the whole society. Where a political party has to answer to the public, this does not apply to pressure groups.

Some even argue that the scope of thinking of a pressure group cannot be large. Sometimes a business lobby or an international agency continues to promote certain pressure groups.

There are also many people who support pressure groups. Such people feel that it is right to put pressure on the government to establish the roots of democracy. Political parties often ignore the real issues of the people in the pursuit of grabbing power. In such a situation, pressure groups work to wake them up from their sleep.

We can say that pressure groups work to balance different political ideologies and often highlight the real problems of the people.

8-Important Question Answer-

Question 1:How do pressure groups and movements affect politics?

Answer: Pressure groups and movements influence politics in the following ways:

  • By garnering public support for your cause.
  • By creating pressure on the government by protesting.
  • Creating a lobby

Question 2:Describe the nature of the relationship between pressure groups and political parties.

Answer: There is generally no direct relationship between pressure groups and political parties. They often hold opposite beliefs to each other. But the dialogue and negotiation between the two continues. Many new leaders of political parties come from pressure groups.

Question 3:How are the activities of pressure groups useful in the functioning of democratic government?

Answer: The activities of pressure groups help in strengthening the roots of democracy. Such groups help in raising the voice of the general public against the powerful business lobby.

At times the activities of pressure groups seem subversive but these activities help to strike a balance between the powerful ruling class and the business class and the powerless common citizen.

Question 4:What are pressure groups? Give some examples.

Answer: Those organizations which influence the policies of the government are called pressure groups. A pressure group differs from a political party in that it is not accountable to the public. The pressure group has no involvement in governance. Narmada Bachao Andolan, Trade Unions, Lawyers’ Association, etc. are examples of pressure groups.

Question 5:What is the difference between pressure group and political party?

Answer: Political parties are directly accountable to the people whereas this is not the case with pressure groups. A political party is either in power or works to gain power, but this is not the case with a pressure group.

Question 6:Organizations which carry out activities to promote the interests of specific social classes such as workers, employees, teachers and lawyers, etc., are called ………….

Answer: class interest group

Question 7:Which of the following statements makes it clear that there is a difference between a pressure group and a political party:

  1. Political parties take political sides whereas pressure groups do not care about political issues.
  2. Pressure groups are limited to a few people whereas political parties have a wider scope.
  3. Pressure groups do not want to come to power whereas political parties want to gain power.
  4. Pressure groups do not mobilize people while political parties do.

Answer: Pressure groups do not want to come to power whereas political parties want to gain power.

Question 8: Match List 1 with List 2.

List 1 List 2
1. Organizations promoting the interests of a particular section or group a) movement
2. Organizations promoting the interests of the general public b) Political party
3. A struggle for a solution to a social problem that may or may not have an organizational structure. c) interest groups of a particular class
4. An organization that mobilizes people for political power. d) Public Welfare Interest Group

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