The challenge is to expand democracy in countries where democracy has existed for years. The expansion of democracy means to apply the basic principles of democratic government in every area of the country and to spread the effect of democracy to every section of the society and every institution of the country.
There can be many examples of the challenge of expansion of democracy, such as giving more power to the local self-governing bodies, bringing every unit of the union under the influence of federalism, bringing women and minorities into the mainstream, etc. Another example of the expansion of democracy. This means minimizing the number of decisions that have to be taken outside the democratic process.
Even today in our country there are many such sections in the society which have not been fully integrated with the mainstream. Even today there are some areas which are cut off from the mainstream of the nation of India. All these challenges are examples of the challenge of expanding democracy.
2- To strengthen the roots of democracy-
Every democracy has to face this challenge. Strengthening the processes and institutions of democracy strengthens the roots of democracy. Strengthening the processes and institutions of democracy can enable people to have accurate information about their expectations from democracy.
The expectations of the common man from democracy are different in different societies. Till the eighties, the incidents of booth looting and bogus voting were common in the elections held in India. TN Seshan became the Chief Election Commissioner in the early nineties.
He took many such revolutionary steps which brought discipline in the political parties and the incidents of booth looting became negligible. This gave a lot of strength to the Election Commission and increased people’s confidence in it. Different countries face different challenges of democracy.
A particular challenge before any country depends on what stage of democratic development that country is at. The methods of dealing with a particular challenge may also differ in different circumstances.
1-Important Question Answer-
Question 1:How does a democracy constitute a responsible, responsible and legitimate government?
Answer: A democratic government is accountable to the people. If a government does not work according to the expectations of the people, then in the next election the people remove it. Therefore a democratic government has to be accountable to the people. Such a government is elected by a majority, so it is a legitimate government.
Question 2:In what situations does democracy handle and reconcile social diversity?
Answer: Conflicts cannot be completely eliminated because of diversity. But in a democracy it is possible to keep such conflicts to a minimum. In a democracy, the general opinion proceeds and in this way the aspirations of different groups of the society are respected. It shows how democracy handles social diversities and reconciles them.
Question 3:Give arguments in favor or against the following statements: Only industrialized countries can bear the burden of democratic system but poor countries need dictatorship for economic development.
Answer: The example of many dictator countries shows that economic development takes place in such a system of governance, but there are some democratic countries where the economy is in good condition. Many poor countries have progressed in a democratic system; Yes, the rate of their growth is definitely slow. If we compare the advantages and disadvantages, then it can be said that adopting a dictator just because of the desire to become rich may not be the right option.
Read in Hindi: Various challenges before political parties-