Mendel’s experiment. Mendal ke Prayog
Gregor Mendel After his experiments on pea plants, inheritance Discovered the basic laws of. He proposed three laws of succession which we are studying till date. He described peas with seven opposite characteristics of special features. plants Chosen and 14 true Reproduction He has done his experiments on varieties of pea plants.
Mendel’s three laws. Mendel ke tino Niyam
- rule of dominance Prabhutva ka niyam.
- Law of Segregation of Genes | Jeene ke prithakkaran ka niyam.
- law of independent classification. Swatntra wargikaran ka niyam.
rule of dominance Prabhutva ka niyam
In this law it is explained that all traits, or characters, are governed by a unit called karaka. These factors are found in pairs and allele are called. If they are in the same pair then they homozygous Said to be, they can be either dominant or recessive and if alleles occur in a different pair then it is called heterozygous Having said that, it will always be prominent.
“Example The allele for height dominates the allele for dwarfism”.
Law of Segregation of Genes | Jeene ke prithakkaran ka niyam
Separation The law of separation is based on the fact that allele show no fusion and that both characters are thus recovered in the second film generation, although one of these is not seen in the first generation. Separation of factors or a pairing of alleles occurs in such a way that the gamete inherits only one of the two factors from each other.
law of independent classification. Swatntra wargikaran ka niyam
It states that the pairs of traits in the parental generation are passed from one generation to the next, independently of each other. it a dihybrid cross explained with the help of
Also read –
Read in Hindi: What are Mendel’s three laws? , Mendal ka Niyam