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What is a political party

1-What is necessary for political parties?

  • Democracy for the common man political parties are equal
  • Some are important and there are parties to blame for all that is wrong
  • 100 years ago, there were only a few political parties and now there are only a few
  • Political party is a group of people who come together to contest elections and hold power in the government. They agree on certain policies and programs for the society to promote the collective good
  • Parties persuade people why policies are better than others
  • He garnered popular support from the elections
  • Parties reflect political divisions in society, they are about a section of society and include partisanship (strongly committed to one party)
  • It is by whom, what policy it supports and whose interests it supports.
  • Political party consists of leaders, active members and followers

2-Functions of Political Parties

  • Party Competition Elections: In the United States, Members and Supporters candidates while selecting candidates from India’s top party leaders
  • Parties choose programs and policies and voters – each party has its own ideology and opinion. The government bases its policies on the lines of the ruling party
  • Parties play a decisive role in making laws – then debated and passed in the legislature
  • Parties form and run government – ​​decisions taken by political officials who come to power from political parties
  • Parties that play a role in opposing the parties in power by voicing the idea of ​​loose elections and criticizing the government
  • Parties shape public opinion – raising and highlighting issues and starting agitations to solve the problems faced by the people
  • Parties provide access to government machinery and welfare schemes – parties must be responsive to the needs and demands of the people

3-Participation in Political Parties (Based on Survey Findings)

  • Political parties do not have much trust among people in South Asia
  • Least Trusted Institutions in the World
  • Participation in India is very high as compared to other countries
  • The proportion of members of political parties has increased
  • The ratio of sentiments that are close to that of political parties is
what is a political party

4-National Political Party

  • Follow the same policy, strategy and programs that exist at the national level – present in all states
  • Must be registered with Election Commission of India – big parties get special facilities
  • Given the unique symbol and can be used only by the official member of the society – they are recognized and hence termed as recognized political parties
  • The Election Commission sets detailed criteria for the proportion of votes and seats that a party must meet in order to become a recognized party.
    • A party that reaches at least 6% of the total votes in an election to the Legislative Assembly of a state and wins at least two seats is recognized as a state party.
    • A party that secures at least 6% of the total votes in the Lok Sabha elections or assembly elections in four states and wins at least four seats in the Lok Sabha is recognized as a national party.

5-Criteria for National Party

The party wins 2% of seats (as of 2014, 11 seats) in the Lok Sabha from at least 3 different states.

In a general election to the Lok Sabha or Legislative Assembly, the party has 6% of the vote in four states and wins 4 Lok Sabha seats.

A party is recognized as a state party in four or more states.

6-Important Question-

Question 1:Discuss the various roles of political parties in a democracy.

Answer: Political parties have the following roles:

  • Contest
  • form government and run government
  • The party that lost the election plays the role of the opposition.
  • Political parties connect the people with the government machinery and bring the social welfare schemes of the government to the people.
  • Form public perception, make rules and regulations.

Question 2:What are the challenges before political parties?

Answer: Following are the various challenges before the political parties:

  • lack of internal democracy
  • dynasty
  • The effect of money and criminal elements
  • inability to make a positive choice

Question 3:To make political parties do their work better, give some suggestions to strengthen them.

Answer:Following are some suggestions for better functioning and strength of a political party:

  • A law should be made to regulate the internal working of a political party.
  • It should be mandatory for every party to give some tickets (about a third) to women candidates.
  • The government should bear the election expenses. The parties should get money from the government to meet the election expenses. Some expenses may be paid in the form of facilities; Like petrol, paper, telephone, etc. Or the government can give cash on the basis of votes won by any party in the last election.
  • There are two other ways in which political parties can be reformed. These methods are; People’s pressure and people’s participation.

Question 4:What is meant by political party?

Answer: A group of people formed for the purpose of contesting elections and forming a government is called a political party. The people gathered in this group agree on certain policies and programs with a view to do good to the society.

Question 5:What are the characteristics of any political party?

Answer: Political parties thus mirror the fundamental political divisions of the society. Any party represents a particular part of the society and hence there is talk of partisanship. That is why any party is known for which part of the society it talks about, which policies it supports and whose interests it advocates.

what is a political party

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