Civil disobedience movement
In the Ahmedabad session of December 1921 AD, Mahatma Gandhi was given the monopoly to run the civil disobedience movement, but the violent incident of piracy, the location of the non-cooperation movement and the arrest of Mahatma Gandhi postponed the plan of this movement for some time. Gave.
Cause of Civil Disobedience Movement
The appointment of Simon Commission in 1927 AD and its report caused a wave of discontent across the country and the background of the Civil Disobedience Movement was prepared.
1. Rejection of Nehru ReportThe government rejected the Nehru report passed in the all-party conference, which appeared to end the demand for constitutional and responsible governance in India.
2. Extreme economic recession-At that time, India was in the grip of a great economic depression, due to which the economic condition of laborers and farmers was becoming deplorable.
3. Rejection of the demand for freedomThe British government had refused to give full independence to India. She was ready to convene a Round Table Conference to make a constitution for the Dominion Status. Therefore, the Congress had no other option but to run this movement.
4. Successful Satyagraha in Bardoli-In the middle of 1928 against the British government, under the leadership of Sardar Patel, the farmers held a successful satyagraha in Bardoli in which the farmers refused to pay the land-tax to the government. emerged as a motivating factor.
5. Meerut Conspiracy Case-In 1929, the government arrested the communist leaders and started prosecuting them, which became famous as the Meerut Conspiracy Case. In this, many people were accused of sedition and severely tortured. In view of these circumstances, Gandhiji was compelled to start civil disobedience movement.
In course of time this movement became fierce. On July 14, 1934, Mahatma Gandhi stopped the mass movement but the individual satyagraha continued. Due to this, the enthusiasm of the public decreased continuously and signs of moral degradation started appearing. Therefore, on April 7, 1934, Mahatma Gandhi completely ended the civil disobedience movement. Leaders like Jawaharlal Nehru, Subhash Chandra Bose and Patel strongly criticized this decision of Gandhiji.
The rules of the Civil Disobedience Movement, the written results came out-
(1) This movement awakened the national spirit among Indians.
(2) Due to this movement, the attention of the British government towards making constitutional reforms in India.
(3) During this movement, unity was again established between Hindus and Harijans through the Poona Pact.
(4) This movement prepared the background of the Indian Government Act of 1935 AD.