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Which river system is there in the Great Plains of the North?

The plains of North India are formed mainly by the deposition of sediments brought by the Ganges and Brahmaputra rivers and secondly by the Indus river and their tributaries.

At the time of the formation of the Himalayas, a ditch was formed to the south of the Shivaliks, in which the northern plain of India was formed mainly by the deposition of sediments brought by the Ganges and Brahmaputra rivers.

In the vast plains of the north, two river systems are the main system –

1-Indus river system-

The Indus river originates from the plateau of Tibet and flows for a distance of 2900 km and joins the Arabian Sea. In our country, this river covers a distance of only 709 kilometers. its main tributaries Sutlej, Beas, Jhelum, Election and Ravi.

As a result of the partition of India, the next part of the Indus river system went to Pakistan. Among the tributaries of the Indus, the Sutlej River provides the largest amount of water in India.

The Sutlej river originates from Mount Kailash and joins the Indus river, flowing for a distance of about 1440 km. Its water flow slows down from the mountainous region towards the plain. The lush green valley of Kashmir is situated near this bend of the Jhelum river.

2-Ganga-Brahmaputra river system-

This vast river system can be divided into the following tributary systems-

1-Ganga river system-

The Ganges is a famous and religious river of India that originates from the Gomukh glacier of the Himalayas. The plain journey of river Ganga starts from Haridwar and its speed also slows down. The river here is considered to be the most sacred river of India, whose length is 2510 km. The catchment area of ​​the river Ganges is the largest drainage area in India. Son, Ghagra and Gandak are its tributaries.

2-Yamuna river system-

The Yamuna river emerges from the Yamunotri guts of the Himalayan Mountains and often flows parallel to the Ganges River and joins the Ganges River at Prayag. Prayag Its length is 175 kilometers. Indus, Betwa, Teen and Chambal are its main tributaries. All of them flow from south to north and join the Yamuna river.

3-Brahmaputra river system-

The Brahmaputra river system originates from the Kailash mountain range near Lake Mansarovar in Tibet. This river, flowing from the south of Tibet, suddenly turns south near the Eastern Himalayas and enters India.

it in Tibet sampu known as the river. and in the Assam Himalayas dihang is called. dihang And lohit It has tributaries that flow from opposite directions and join it. Brahmaputra River Flows in the state of Assam and joins the Ganges.

What is the length of river Ganga?

2510 kms

How far does the Indus river cover in India?

709 kms

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